vaginal thrush

VAGINAL THRUSH

thrush_cover1

S1 Canex V cream: Each 1 g of cream contains 10 mgClotrimazole

WHAT IS THRUSH (VAGINAL CANDIDIASIS)?

Vaginal candidiasis (vulvovaginitis, yeast infection) more commonly known as thrush, is common, especially among women who are pregnant, have diabetes, or are taking antibiotics, and affects millions of women every year.

1 a p1 Aaron, 2 a p905 Goncalves

thrush-stats

Worldwide, thrush caused by the fungus Candida is the most frequent symptomatic infectious disease of the lower genital tract. It is also one of the most frequent reasons for women to seek medical help and buy over the counter medication.4 a p1 Donders

WHAT CAUSES THRUSH?

Vaginal candidiasis is an infection of the vagina. It is most commonly due to the fungus Candida albicanswhich is often found in small amounts in the vagina, mouth, digestive tract and on the skin.

3 a p75 Workowski 5 a,b p1 Medline

thrush_microscope

Most of the time, it does not cause infection or symptoms. Candida and the many other organisms that normally live in the vagina keep each other in balance. However, sometimes the number of Candidaincreases, leading to an infection.

5 b p1 Medline, 2 b p905 Goncalves, 5 c p1 Medline

Sometimes the number of Candida fungi increases, leading to a yeast infection.

2 b p905 Goncalves, 5 c p1 Medline 5 c p2 Medline

THIS CAN HAPPEN IF:

2 c p905 Goncalves, 5 d p1 Medline

  • You are taking antibiotics used to treat another infection. Antibiotics change the normal balance between organisms in the vagina
  • You are pregnant
  • You have diabetes
  • You are obese
  • You use oral contraceptives, intrauterine device, spermicides or condoms

Symptoms of thrush (vaginal candidiasis) are nonspecific and can be associated with a variety of other vaginal diseases.

2 d p905 Goncalves, 3 b p75, b p76 Workowski

THE MORE COMMON SYMPTOMS INCLUDE:

1 b p1 Aaron, 2 d p905 Goncalves, 3 b p75, b p76 Workowski, 5 e p1, a p2 Medline

  • Abnormal vaginal discharge ranging from a slightly watery, white discharge to thick, white, and chunky (like cottage cheese)
  • Itching and burning of the vagina and labia
  • Painful urination
  • Pain with intercourse
  • Redness and swelling of the skin just outside of the vagina (vulva)

HELPFUL TIPS!

TIPS TO HELP PREVENT AND TREAT VAGINAL DISCHARGE: 1 c p1 Aaron, 5 a p3 Medline

  • Use condoms to avoid catching or spreading other infections.
  • Keep your blood sugar level under good control if you have diabetes.
  • Avoid using feminine hygiene sprays, fragrances or powders in the genital area.
  • Avoid wearing wet bathing suits or exercise clothing for long periods of time. Wash sweaty or wet clothes after each use.
  • Avoid wearing tight fitting pants or shorts, which may cause irritation. Wear cotton underwear or cotton crotch pantyhose. Avoid underwear made of silk or nylon, because they can increase sweating in the genital area, which leads to growth of more yeast.rmicides or condoms
thrush_canex

HOW IS THRUSH TREATED?

Treatment is aimed at providing relief of the symptoms by elimination of the itch and reducing the vaginal discharge.4 b p1 Donders

Thrush (Vaginal candidiasis) is treated with antifungal drugs that may be applied as a cream to the affected area, inserted into the vagina as a suppository or cream, or taken by mouth. Most can be bought in consultation with your pharmacist without needing to see your family practitioner.1 a p2 Aaron, 5 b p2 Medline

S1 Canex V cream: Each 1 g of cream contains 10 mg Clotrimazole. Reg. No./Nr.28/20.2.2/0627.

An option is Canex V Cream which is used for the relief of vaginal itching, burning and discharge associated with vaginal yeast infections. 6 a p1 PI

YOU CAN TREAT YOURSELF AT HOME IF: 5 c p2 Medline

  • Your symptoms are mild and you do not have pelvic pain or a fever
  • This is not your first yeast infection and you have not had many yeast infections in the past
  • You are not pregnant
  • You are not worried about other sexually transmitted infections from recent sexual contact
thrush_cream1

1. Aaron DM. Candidiasis. Merck Manual Consumer Version. ©2016. Available from URL: https://www.merckmanuals.com/home/infections/fungal-infections/candidiasis Accessed 02 December 2016.

2. Gonçalves B, Ferreira C, Tiago Alves C, Henriques M, Azeredo J, Silva S. Vulvovaginal candidiasis: Epidemiology, microbiology and risk factors. Crit Rev Microbiol 2016;42(6):905-927.

3. Workowski KA, Bolan GA. Sexually Transmitted Diseases Treatment Guidelines, 2015. MMWR 2015;64(3):1-137.

4. Donders GGG, Sobel JD. Candida vulvovaginitis: A store with a buttery and a show window. Mycoses 2016;1-3. DOI: 10.1111/myc.12572.

5. Medline Plus. Vaginal yeast infection. 1 November 2016. Available from URL: https://medlineplus.gov/ency/article/001511.htmAccessed 02 December 2016

6. Canex V Cream. Approved package insert. Alliance Pharma (Pty) Ltd. 15 March 1996

Brought to you by

ascendis_pharma

Related Information

Related Projects
Contact Us

We're not around right now. But you can send us an email and we'll get back to you, asap.

Not readable? Change text. captcha txt
insomniadry vagina