S1 Canex V cream: Each 1 g of cream contains 10 mgClotrimazole
WHAT IS THRUSH (VAGINAL CANDIDIASIS)?
Vaginal candidiasis (vulvovaginitis, yeast infection) more commonly known as thrush, is common, especially among women who are pregnant, have diabetes, or are taking antibiotics, and affects millions of women every year.
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Worldwide, thrush caused by the fungus Candida is the most frequent symptomatic infectious disease of the lower genital tract. It is also one of the most frequent reasons for women to seek medical help and buy over the counter medication.4 a p1 Donders
WHAT CAUSES THRUSH?
Vaginal candidiasis is an infection of the vagina. It is most commonly due to the fungus Candida albicanswhich is often found in small amounts in the vagina, mouth, digestive tract and on the skin.
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Most of the time, it does not cause infection or symptoms. Candida and the many other organisms that normally live in the vagina keep each other in balance. However, sometimes the number of Candidaincreases, leading to an infection.
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Sometimes the number of Candida fungi increases, leading to a yeast infection.
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THIS CAN HAPPEN IF:
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- You are taking antibiotics used to treat another infection. Antibiotics change the normal balance between organisms in the vagina
- You are pregnant
- You have diabetes
- You are obese
- You use oral contraceptives, intrauterine device, spermicides or condoms
Symptoms of thrush (vaginal candidiasis) are nonspecific and can be associated with a variety of other vaginal diseases.
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THE MORE COMMON SYMPTOMS INCLUDE:
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- Abnormal vaginal discharge ranging from a slightly watery, white discharge to thick, white, and chunky (like cottage cheese)
- Itching and burning of the vagina and labia
- Painful urination
- Pain with intercourse
- Redness and swelling of the skin just outside of the vagina (vulva)
TIPS TO HELP PREVENT AND TREAT VAGINAL DISCHARGE: 1 c p1 Aaron, 5 a p3 Medline
- Use condoms to avoid catching or spreading other infections.
- Keep your blood sugar level under good control if you have diabetes.
- Avoid using feminine hygiene sprays, fragrances or powders in the genital area.
- Avoid wearing wet bathing suits or exercise clothing for long periods of time. Wash sweaty or wet clothes after each use.
- Avoid wearing tight fitting pants or shorts, which may cause irritation. Wear cotton underwear or cotton crotch pantyhose. Avoid underwear made of silk or nylon, because they can increase sweating in the genital area, which leads to growth of more yeast.rmicides or condoms
HOW IS THRUSH TREATED?
Treatment is aimed at providing relief of the symptoms by elimination of the itch and reducing the vaginal discharge.4 b p1 Donders
Thrush (Vaginal candidiasis) is treated with antifungal drugs that may be applied as a cream to the affected area, inserted into the vagina as a suppository or cream, or taken by mouth. Most can be bought in consultation with your pharmacist without needing to see your family practitioner.1 a p2 Aaron, 5 b p2 Medline
S1 Canex V cream: Each 1 g of cream contains 10 mg Clotrimazole. Reg. No./Nr.28/20.2.2/0627.
YOU CAN TREAT YOURSELF AT HOME IF: 5 c p2 Medline
- Your symptoms are mild and you do not have pelvic pain or a fever
- This is not your first yeast infection and you have not had many yeast infections in the past
- You are not pregnant
- You are not worried about other sexually transmitted infections from recent sexual contact
1. Aaron DM. Candidiasis. Merck Manual Consumer Version. ©2016. Available from URL: https://www.merckmanuals.com/home/infections/fungal-infections/candidiasis Accessed 02 December 2016.
2. Gonçalves B, Ferreira C, Tiago Alves C, Henriques M, Azeredo J, Silva S. Vulvovaginal candidiasis: Epidemiology, microbiology and risk factors. Crit Rev Microbiol 2016;42(6):905-927.
3. Workowski KA, Bolan GA. Sexually Transmitted Diseases Treatment Guidelines, 2015. MMWR 2015;64(3):1-137.
4. Donders GGG, Sobel JD. Candida vulvovaginitis: A store with a buttery and a show window. Mycoses 2016;1-3. DOI: 10.1111/myc.12572.
5. Medline Plus. Vaginal yeast infection. 1 November 2016. Available from URL: https://medlineplus.gov/ency/article/001511.htmAccessed 02 December 2016
6. Canex V Cream. Approved package insert. Alliance Pharma (Pty) Ltd. 15 March 1996