Living with Asthma
A common, chronic (long term) lung disorder in which inflammation causes the bronchi (airways) to swell and narrow. Extra mucus is produced creating breathing difficulties.
SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS
- Coughing (worse during the night and early morning).
- Shortness of breath.
- Chest tightness or pain.
- Trouble sleeping caused by shortness of breath, coughing or wheezing.
- A whistling or wheezing sound when exhaling.
WHAT TRIGGERS ASTHMA?
- Outdoor allergens, such as pollen from grass, trees and weeds.
- Indoor allergens, such as pet dander, dust mites and mold.
- Certain drugs and food additives.
- Irritants in the air, such as smoke, chemical fumes and strong odours.
- Respiratory infections, such as colds, the flu or other related illnesses.
- Physical activity: Exercise (although people with asthma can benefit from exercise)
- Weather conditions, such as cold air or extremely dry, wet or windy weather.
- Know and avoid your triggers.
- Try a dairy-free trial (cutting it out for one month): food sensitivities can “set off” an immune process in the gut that causes inflammation – dairy is one
of the most common culprits.
- Ask your doctor if any of the following foods can be triggering your asthma: Eggs, Soy, Wheat, Shellfish, Sulphite additives (used in food processing and preparation).
- Seek out “good bacteria.” Probiotics — supplements containing live bacteria can boost the immune system in the gut, making it less likely to set off an inflammatory response.
- Take vitamins, especially Vitamins C, D and E that support your immune system and help control inflammation.
- Ask your doctor to perform a simple blood test to check your “D” level and
recommend an appropriate dose.
- Add a fish oil supplement: the Omega-3 Fatty Acids in fish oil help combat inflammation that constricts the airways. Look for one containing two to three grams’ total of Omega 3, or of DHA and EPA combined.
- Keep your nasal passages clear: use a saline spray to clear your nasal passages. This will reduce strain on your airways by helping you breathe easy – and also cut down on post-nasal drip.
- Breathe steadily: breathing techniques can help with symptoms of asthma, such as hyperventilation or stress.
- Allergy Shots (ask your doctor).
HOW TO CONTROL ASTHMA ATTACKS DURING SEASON CHANGES 
- Keep an eye on the weather forecast for any changes and dress accordingly.
- Always have the reliever inhaler wherever you go and take it as prescribed by the doctor.
- Never leave the inhalers in direct sunlight or anywhere that is too hot.
- Always check with your doctor if you are using the inhaler properly.
- Avoid doing exercise outdoors during the hottest part of the day, that is, 11 am to 3 pm.
- Remain indoors before, during or after a storm.
- Keep hydrated by drinking plenty of water.
- While indoors, keep the doors and windows closed.
- After being outdoors, change your clothing and shower to wash off any pollen.
- Know the signs and symptoms of hay fever and use therapy provided by the doctor.
- Write an asthma action plan for yourself.
- Avoid other asthma triggers.
1. Asthma UK [Internet]. Weather: Have you noticed that a sudden change in weather can trigger your
asthma symptoms?. United Kingdom: Asthma UK; [updated 2019 Jun; cited 2019 Aug 19]. Available