Explorer

All Brochures

Videos

BabySense

Yoga

Hormone Replacement Therapy (HRT)

Back to top

WHAT IS HRT?

Hormone replacement therapy are medications used to replace female hormones (oestrogen and progesterone) that are depleted in the body and areno longer produced by the body during menopause. [2; 3]
HRT should generally be started two to three years of menopause. HRT can be in the form of cream or gels, vaginal rings, tablets and skin patches. [1]

Back to top

INDICATIONS FOR HRT [1]

  • Treatment of menopause symptoms.
  • To prevent osteoporosis in older women (>55 years) and bone loss in women with premature menopause (<40 years).
  • Symptoms which indicate urogenital atrophy.
Back to top

CONTRAINDICATIONS [1]

  • History of thromboembolism.
  • Thrombophilia.
  • History of chronic heart disease or stroke.
  • Current or history of breast, endometrial or other oestrogen dependent cancers.
  • Liver disease.
  • Undiagnosed persistent urinary tract bleeding.
  • Hypertension that is untreated.
  • Porphyria.
  • Severe migraines.
Back to top

COMPLICATIONS [3]

  • Heart disease.
  • Stroke.
  • Blood clots.
  • Breast cancer.
Back to top

SIDE EFFECTS OF HRT [3]

  • Breast tenderness.
  • Breakthrough bleeding.
  • Bloating.
  • Nausea.
Back to top

LIFESTYLE CHANGES WHEN ON HRT [2]

  • Sensation of smoking.
  • Healthy lifestyle which should include eating a balanced diet, eating healthy, managing stress and any other chronic conditions you may have such as
    cholesterol.
  • Limit the alcohol that you consume.
  • Wearing loose clothing.

Medical References

1. Johannesburg Hospitals, University of the Witwatersrand, Department of Gynaecology. 2017.
Wits Gynaecology. South Africa: Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology.
2. Brazier, Y. [Internet]. What you need to know about HRT. United Kingdom: Healthline Media; [updated 2017 May 25; cited 2019 Aug 14]. Available from: https://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/181726.php.
3. Mayo Clinic Staff [Internet]. Hormone therapy: Is it right for you?. America: Mayo Clinic; [updated 2018 May 24; cited 2019 Aug 14]. Available from:
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseasesconditions/menopause/in-depth/hormonetherapy/art-20046372.

Head
Chest
Abdomen
Pelvis
Legs
Feet
Mental Health
Skin
General
Infant Health

For more health information

Click on the body area you want to know more about. Select a related health topic from the menu

Select a body area

RECENT BROCHURE

Chronic Gout

Gout is the most common type of arthritis and is caused by the build-up of uric acid crystals most often leading to painful inflammation in and around joints

RECENT BROCHURE

COVID-19 – Hand sanitizing correctly

How to sanitize your hands correctly 

RECENT BROCHURE

Diabetes prevention roadmap

Tips on how to prevent diabetes

RECENT BROCHURE

COVID-19 – Your Mental Health

“The corona pandemic that we are facing is simply like a slow-motion car crash – we are all in the process of being traumatized”
– Observations by Gary Viljoen, Clinical Psychologist, Cape Town

RECENT BROCHURE

Joint Pain

Arthritis is a joint disease and means “inflammation of the joints”.