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Cobiotics and Gut Health

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WHAT ARE PROBIOTICS?

Probiotics are like the opposite of antibiotics. Antibiotics are designed to kill off unwanted pathogenic bacteria. Probiotics are meant to replace the bacteria that we normally have in our bodies…the “normal flora.”1 When people talk about probiotics they are usually referring to a few different varieties.

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HOW DO PROBIOTICS WORK?

There is a lot of interest in using probiotics for diseases that might be caused by depletion or alteration of the normal flora. The normal flora plays an important role in protecting the body from invasion by pathogenic bacteria. When the normal flora is disrupted, pathogenic bacteria are more likely to colonise and cause disease. That’s where probiotics come in. Probiotics are thought to help replenish the normal flora and prevent pathogenic bacteria from colonising (increasing in number).1

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WHAT ARE THE BENEFITS OF PROBIOTICS?

Probiotics seem to work against infection in three ways:1

1. Competitive inhibition: probiotics effectively stop disease-causing bacteria from attaching to the lining of the digestive tract (the mucosa). In this way, the bacteria are not able to multiply and cause disease.1

2. Bactericidal effects: lactic acid-producing probiotics such as Lactobacillus and Bifidobacteria are bactericidal, meaning that they kill bacteria.1

3. Immune system stimulation:probiotics seem to boost immunity. Lactobacillus and other probiotics seem to increase the production of antibodies that fight the disease-causing bacteria, thereby stimulating immunity to those bacteria.1

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WHAT ARE PROBIOTICS USED FOR?

  1. Antibiotic-associated diarrhoea: Research on probiotics overall is largely positive for reducing the risk of diarrhoea related to antibiotic use. Analyses of evidence show that adults and children who take a probiotic along with antibiotics have a reduced risk of diarrhoea by 42% to 47%.2 Both the Lactobacillus species of probiotics and the Bifidobacterium species (including the Bifidobacterium longum strain specifically) display the ability to reduce the risk of this type of diarrhoea.2
  2. Rotaviral diarrhoea: The Lactobacillus rhamnosus strain of probiotic has been shown to reduce the duration of the diarrhoeal phase of the rotavirus infection by one to three days in infants and young children.2
  1. General gastrointestinal health: Probiotics are also commonly used for general gastrointestinal health, to maintain regularity, or for their general immunomodulating effects.2They have a very good safety profile in people who are healthy and not immunocompromised.2
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DOES ACTIVOVITE PRO4 CONTAIN PROBIOTICS?

Yes, Activovite PRO4 contains the following strains of probiotics:
Lactobacillus rhamnosus
Lactobacillus salivarius
Bifidobacterium lactis
Bifidobacterium longum

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WHAT ELSE DOES ACTIVOVITE PRO4 CONTAIN?

In addition to the four probiotics, Activovite PRO4 is a complete multivitamin and mineral supplement. Here are some of the additional ingredients and their general health benefits:

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INGREDIENT GENERAL HEALTH BENEFIT3

Vitamin A

  • Contributes to the maintenance of eyesight, skin, membranes and immune function
  • Contributes to the development and maintenance of night vision
  • Contributes to the development and maintenance of bones and teeth
  • A factor in the maintenance of good health

Vitamin B1 (Thiamine)

  • Helps to metabolise carbohydrates, fats and proteins
  • Contributes to normal growth

Vitamin B2 (Riboflavin)

  • Helps to metabolise carbohydrates, fats and proteins
  • Contributes to tissue formation

Vitamin B5 (Pantothenic Acid)

  • Helps to metabolise carbohydrates, fats and proteins
  • Contributes to tissue formation

Vitamin B3 (Nicotinamide)

  • Helps to metabolise carbohydrates, fats and proteins

Vitamin B6 (Pyridoxine)

  • Helps to metabolise carbohydrates, fats and proteins
  • Contributes to tissue formation

Vitamin B12 (Cyanocobalamin)

  • Helps to metabolise carbohydrates, fats and proteins
  • Contributes to normal red blood cell formation

Vitamin C (Ascorbic Acid)

  • Helps to metabolise fats and proteins
  • Helps in the development and maintenance of bones, cartilage, teeth and gums
  • Helps in connective tissue formation
  • Helps in wound healing
  • An antioxidant for the maintenance of good health

Vitamin D

  • Helps in the absorption and use of calcium and phosphorous
  • Calcium intake, when combined with sufficient vitamin D, a healthy diet and regular exercise, may reduce the risk of developing osteoporosis

Vitamin E

  • An antioxidant for the maintenance of good health

Biotin

  • Helps the body to metabolise carbohydrates, fats and proteins

Folic Acid

  • Helps to reduce the risk of neural tube defects when taken daily prior to becoming pregnant and during early pregnancy
  • Helps the body to metabolise proteins
  • Helps to form red blood cells

Chromium

  • Provides support for healthy glucose metabolism
  • Helps the body to metabolise carbohydrates and fats

Copper

  • Helps to produce and repair connective tissue
  • Helps to form red blood cells

Magnesium

  • Helps to metabolise carbohydrates, fats and proteins
  • Contributes to the development and maintenance of bones and teeth
  • Contributes to tissue formation
  • Contributes to the maintenance of normal muscle function

Manganese

  • Helps to metabolise carbohydrates, fats and proteins
  • Contributes to the development and maintenance of bones

Molybdenum

  • Helps to metabolise proteins

Selenium

  • An antioxidant for the maintenance of good health

Zinc

  • Helps in connective tissue formation
  • Helps to maintain healthy skin
  • Helps the body to metabolise carbohydrates, fats and proteins
  • Helps to maintain immune function

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WHO CAN TAKE ACTIVOVITE PRO 4?

This product is suitable for adults and children aged 12 years and older. One capsule may be taken daily before breakfast, and for patients on antibiotics, the dosage is one capsule two hours after each dose of antibiotics.

Medical References

REFERENCES – FURTHER READING: 1. HTTP://NATURALDATABASE.THERAPEUTICRESEARCH.COM/HOME.ASPX?CS=&S=ND 2. MCC GUIDELINES 7.04_QSE_HEALTH_SUPPLEMENTS_NOV14_V1 3.7.04_QSE_HEALTH_SUPPLEMENTS_NOV14_V1

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