What is ADD / ADHD 1 ?

Attention Deficit Disorder (ADD) with Hyperactivity (ADHD) spectrum

Attention Deficit Disorder (ADD) and Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) are both syndromes of developmentally inappropriate behavioural and socially disruptive behaviours.

The sufferer also struggles to stay focused on mundane tasks or juggle daily activities and chores within the home, at school, at work, within relationships and social interactions.


How common is ADD / ADHD 2,3?

ADD / ADHD is not the insignificant disorder some people imagine it to be. It is often misunderstood, trivialised, stigmatised, and even denied as a disorder.

The most recent data suggests that between 8% and 10% of South Africans have either ADD or ADHD2. It is the most prevalent behavioural referral to health care professionals, with more than half of these mental health referrals resulting in a diagnosis of ADHD.

Both children and adults can have ADD / ADHD but the symptoms start in childhood and often continues into adulthood3.

ADD / ADHD is not just for kids, but a family affair4?

Although the exact causes of ADD / ADHD are unclear, experts suggest it has a strong genetic basis. In most reported cases it is passed down from one family member to another.


ADD/ADHD is an 80% genetic condition

• It is estimated that a child with ADD / ADHD is four times more likely to have had a family member or blood relative diagnosed with ADD / ADHD5
• Between ¹⁄³ to ½ of parents with ADD / ADHD have a child with the disorder5
• If a parent has ADD / ADHD there is a 50% chance that their child will have the condition5
• If an older sibling has ADD / ADHD a younger sibling has more than a 30% chance of having it5

ADD / ADHD is an 80% genetic medical condition2

What goes on inside the brain6

Chemical imbalances

Neurotransmitters are the nerve chemical messengers of the brain. They carry signal messages between nerves in the brain and the rest of the body, which can prevent the brain cells “talking” to each other. This can cause a decline in mental prowess characterised by:

• Memory loss, forgetting important details (events, dates, names) and confusion
• Inattention, poor clarity, lack of focus and alertness
• Slowness in thinking and processing information

Altered brain anatomy and function6

Brain scans show differences in the way nerve pathways work. This is often referred to as the way in which the brain is wired. In the case of people with ADD / ADHD the brain may be less active, impaired or smaller than usual.

Who needs to stay mentally sharp and focused NATURALLY everyday?

• Students or scholars
• Business executives
• Your family
• Aging adults
• Athletes

Non-genetic ADD / ADHD risk factors1?

Risk of ADHD may increase due to:
• Lifestyle (high-pressure, stress, fast-paced lifestyle)
• Environment (exposure to brain toxins such as medications, drugs, chemicals, diet, alcohol, smoking)
• Underlying medical conditions (learning & speech defects, depression, eating disorders)
• Traumatic brain injuries (falls, shaken baby syndrome, crash, collision accidents, physical assaults)
• Problems during growth and development (premature birth, exposure to alcohol, smoking or drugs during pregnancy)

Signs and symptoms of ADD / ADHD 4

Signs and symptoms are characterised by four key features, inattention, hyperactivity, impulsivity or a combination of features. Symptoms differ from person to person and depend on age, gender, environment and unique circumstances.


ADD / ADHD treatment 1,7

When left untreated ADD / ADHD has been linked to (among others):
Increased family discord, frustration, irreconcilable differences and break-ups, poor academic achievement, grade repeats, school dropouts and expulsions, low workplace productivity, work dismissals, substance abuse and addiction tendencies, earlier and riskier sexual activity, earlier and violent criminal offences, and suicidal tendencies.

Access to timely, comprehensive assessment and appropriate treatment for all age groups is essential to decreasing the societal and economic impact of ADD / ADHD. More importantly, it’s critical to the wellbeing of the sufferer.

Why Mentat®?


Mentat® is a must keep in EVERY household with developing and / or aging brains. Its tried and tested efficacy is supported by 58 clinical research papers based on neurodegenerative disease.

As a herbal complex containing a synergistic blend of herbs, Mentat® has been clinically proven to effectively improve memory, attentive-focus, learning and language, mood and behaviour, while reducing mental fatigue,hyperactivity and impulsivity.

The upside of ADD / ADHD 4

ADD / ADHD can be an added advantage by bringing passionate, positive, energetic, spontaneous, creative attributes, that are sometimes lacking e.g. boredom, parties, low-morale, bad news announcement, teambuilding activities, and tedious meetings.

Many people with ADD/ADHD overcame their diagnosis and achieved greatness and success. So, can you!

1.Mayo Clinic (31 March 2016). Adult attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Retrieved from

2.Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disease Support Group of Southern Africa (ADHASA). What is ADD/ADHD and how does it affect children? (Online) Available at: Accessed on 21 May 2017.

3.Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Data and Statistics: Attention-Deficit / Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD). (Online) Available at Accessed on 21 May 2017.

4.Frye Devon, Silver Larry. “Is ADHD Hereditary? Yes and No!” ADDitude 5 March. 2015. Web

5.Adler L, Cohen J. Diagnosis and evaluation of adults with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder.
Psychiatr Clin North Am. 2004 Jun; 27(2):187-201.

6.WebMD Medical reference (2017). Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder: Causes of
ADHD. Available at
Accessed on 21 May 2017.

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